THE COMMONEST CAUSES OF HAEMORRHOIDS:

The commonest cause of haemorrhoids is constipation. Constipation is caused by:

  • low-fibre diet
  • insufficient fluid intake
  • medications
  • tumours
  • underactive thyroid gland
  • depression

Pregnancy and weak veins can also cause haemorrhoids.

Defecating less than two times per week points to constipation.

Blood from the rectum can also be a sign of a serious disease such as inflammatory bowel disease or cancer. It is possible to exclude other diseases and concentrate safely on treating the haemorrhoids by examining the rectum endoscopically.

 
HAEMORRHOID SURGERY

SOMETIMES HAEMORRHOIDS HAVE TO BE OPERATED ON

A diagnosis can generally be confirmed by examining either the whole colon or the rectum using an instrument (endoscope). When necessary, this procedure (the endoscopy) can be performed under sedation, making the procedure pain free. When a haemorrhoid diagnosis is confirmed, the milder problems can be treated locally with ointment.

If the ointment does not help locally, a large proportion of haemorrhoids can be resolved by placing a rubber band around the haemorrhoid. The haemorrhoid tissue withers away and falls off within a week of the procedure. This procedure can be repeated if necessary.

Haemorrhoids have to be operated on if they bleed profusely or are located outside of the rectum. During the operation, the haemorrhoid tissue is removed, the wound is allowed to heal by itself.

 

AFTER THE OPERATION

From the morning after the operation, the area operated on must be washed at least 3–4 times per day and always after defecation. After washing, anaesthetic gel is placed in the anus in order to relieve the pain.

The patient may go home in the evening after the operation or the following morning, depending on how they are feeling.

In the beginning, it is a good idea to take pain medication regularly as the area around the wound can be painful for several weeks after the operation. Laxatives are also often required.

Follow-up with the surgeon takes place about five weeks after the operation.

You are generally signed off work for 3–5 weeks.
Surgeons at Eira Hospital:
Carpelan-Holmström Monika Specialist in surgery and gastroenterological surgery Book an appointment
Juuti Anne Surgery and gastroenterology surgery specialist Book an appointment
Scheinin Tom Specialist in surgery and gastroenterological surgery Book an appointment

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Next available appointments
Today
17:00
30 min
Juuti Anne
Surgery and gastroenterology surgery specialist
Eira Medical Centre
Wed 20.12.
08:00
20 min
Railo Mikael
Specialist in vascular surgery and gastroenterological surgery
Eira Medical Centre
Wed 20.12.
08:20
20 min
Railo Mikael
Specialist in vascular surgery and gastroenterological surgery
Eira Medical Centre
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Price list
Gastroenterological diseases and operations Price  
Appointment with a gastroenterologist
from 84 €  
An administrative fee of 16,95 € is added. Prices do not include laboratory or X-ray examinations.